Fishing in lakes and ponds is a great place to begin due to the fact that they are excellent locations for fish to live. They produce plentiful plant food and deal plenty of cover for fish to hide. Discover ideas, where to discover fish, coastline structures and more.
LAKE AND PONDS: FISHING POINTERS
Coastline structures like docks, logs, stumps, brush and rocks offer shelter, shade and protection for fish. All which suggests lakes and ponds are prime fishing spots. You can fish lakes and ponds from the coast or from a boat. You can discover fish in shallow or deep water, in open water or near natural or man-made structures. In lakes, you’ll capture freshwater fish species like largemouth and smallmouth bass, pike, pickerel, perch, panfish, trout, even salmon.
Get to know your lake structure. Points, inlets, holes, sunken islands, dams, submerged items (manmade or natural) and reeds and weeds are all considered structure. You must always fish around structure. It’s a simple formula.
- Structure creates shallows
- Shallows produce plant development
- Plant growth brings in bait fish
- Bait fish bring in game fish, the fish you want to catch
CLIFFS AND STEEP COAST BANKS
A large cliff or bank that goes straight down into deep water offers no structure, break line or progressive course to much deeper water. So it doesn’t draw in fish. On the other hand, a cliff or bank that has an underwater rack or slopes slowly towards much deeper water does bring in fish. Look for crumbled-off rock at the underwater base of sharp cliffs. Deep-water fish may be brought in to these rocks for food or spawning.
Rocks are frequently a few of the best fishing locations. They supply fish with shelter (cover), food and a possible place to mate. Keep in mind, constantly fish structure. If the rocks are in much deeper water or on the edge of much deeper water, they offer an even much better location for lake and pond fishing. Just be careful not to snag your bait.
LAKE AND POND FISHING POINTS WITH BREAK LINES
A point extends out from the shoreline and slopes gradually down and into much deeper water. It is an excellent location to fish. But a point with a quick drop-off or one that doesn’t extend into deeper water isn’t a great fishing place.
- The sloping-out formation of a point develops a break line.
- A break line draws fish from much deeper water to shallow water in search of food.
- Fish the suggestion of the point and the corners of the point (the part that curves back into the coast).
DRIFT LINES AND WIND
Have you ever noticed lines on the water during a breezy day? The breeze is in fact pressing surface area water around the lake which, in turn, pushes surface area food around. Try to find the drift lines and you’ll discover fish.
Stronger winds can really press bait fish better to coast, bringing game fish closer to shore to feed. Often really strong winds can produce great fishing, stimulating whatever from tiny food to lunker fish. But it’s quite tricky and can be harmful. So it’s best to go with a pro or knowledgeable guide.
Weed beds are structure. They provide food and shelter for bait fish, which attract game fish. Search for weed beds that lead to deeper water and create a break line. Or look for sunken weed beds in deep, open water.
ISLANDS AND SAND BARS
These sunken or partially sunken bodies of land will draw in both bait fish and game fish if they develop a break line where the land slopes gradually down and into much deeper water. Water currents run around islands, too, bring little plant food and water animals that float on the surface. That can likewise attract bait fish and game fish.
LAKE AND POND FISHING HOLES
Holes are glacially formed basins that are lower than the remainder of the lake. Water in holes is cooler, drawing in deep-water fish on hot, summer season days. You’ll need to find a topographical map to discover them.
All the best. If you’re not in shallow water, and there are no weeds or other natural or man-made structure in sight– above or listed below the water– you remain in open water, and you’re not in one of the best fishing locations.
But you may be right above a stream or river channel that deep-water fish use to go from one side of the lake to the other looking for food. Or, you might be above a deep hole or drop-off where deep-water fish rest from the existing. Still, it is difficult to capture fish in either of these places.
Sometimes, in early spring and late fall, when there’s hardly any greenery anywhere, bait fish will roam open lake waters looking for plankton. During those times, you can try to find little fish on the surface in the open water. If you see a bunch of small fish, it’s a good bet larger fish are hiding below.
This is among our favorite freshwater fishing pointers. When water boils up from the bottom of the lake, it creates a spring hole. In the summer, deep-water fish are brought in to these holes since the water showing up is always cooler. Even when the hole is not in deep water, spring holes can bring in unsuspecting, deep-water lunkers. However spring holes are actually hard to find.
If you’re up for the obstacle, use a water temperature gauge in the summer season to locate the outer edges of the cold water zone and the depth of the layer. Spring holes are in some cases found in boat harbors that have actually been dug up, which open up springs, triggering cooler water to gather in areas sheltered from wind. After the water freezes, look for open water along icebound coastlines, which might suggest inflowing springs where the water is warmer in winter season than the lake water. Note these areas and return in the summertime.
Trees, branches, logs, stumps and rocks are all considered to be structure. They all offer shelter, shade and defense for fish. So it’s a good location to hook a fish. Always watch your line, and be additional cautious if you’re in a boat so you prevent hitting any items.
The pests and other marine critters that survive on and around lily pads constantly bring in smaller sized bait fish; and bait fish always draw in larger fish. Substantial patches of lily pads can also create shade, which also draws in fish. Cast into the edges and openings. Otherwise, you might tangle up your equipment.
Like any structure that tilts slowly down and into deeper water, a gradual-sloping coastline can supply plant food, draw in fish and create a course from and back into much deeper water. However, an actually progressive slope will develop a large expanse of shallow water that will not draw in fish.
PIERS DOCKS AND PILINGS
Wherever there’s structure there’s food, shelter and fish. Weeds, barnacles and other food sources can attach to anything. Docks and piers offer shelter from the sun and a nice resting spot for both huge and small fish.
INSIDE TURNS AND COVES– THE REVERS OF A POINT
A within turn is a little inlet that cuts into the coast and is among the best fishing places. If the water in the turn is shallow, you’ve got another break line, and another terrific place to catch fish.
A cove is a larger version of a within turn. With more shoreline, more shallows and more defense, and hopefully more fish. Smaller sized fish will patrol a cove for plant food and bait fish, and game fish may get here early in the early morning or late at night.
Water along the coast offers a lot of structure and food. So it attracts fish. Bait fish come in for the plant food. Pan fish, such as crappies, sunfish, bluegill and perch, come in for the bait fish. Early in the early morning– or late during the night – game fish will swim into the shallows to sneak up on both the bait fish and the pan fish. Yup, it’s possible to land a big pike or perhaps a muskie close to coast.
INLETS AND OUTLETS
All natural lakes are fed by a river or a stream of some sort. So they have inlets and outlets for the water. Wherever there is inbound or outbound water, there’s going to be a lot of food, and a lot of fish.
PATHWAYS AND BRIDGES
Pathways resemble piers, however are specifically developed fishing platforms that are near or run parallel to bridges, piers, coastline bulkheads, or similar structures. An example is a sidewalk along a bridge, but built at a lower level. This keeps anglers safe from car traffic and puts them closer to the water.
Lake and pond fishing isn’t constantly enabled from bridges due to the fact that of the risk from traffic. Bridges where fishing is permitted need to be fished thoroughly.
RIPPLES, CURRENTS, SWIRLS AND SPRAYS
Call it what you will, but it may be a fish. It might be baitfish feeding. It may be baitfish aiming to leap out of the water to leave game fish. Or, it may be bubbles and rings from a big wheel that simply went down to eat a minnow. Cast quickly, and you may get fortunate.